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‘Montreal Declaration on Animal Exploitation’: Hundreds of academics sign statement opposing animal exploitation

LE DEVOIR: Over 450 academics, many of whom work in moral and political philosophy, have signed onto the “Montreal Declaration on Animal Exploitation”… The declaration condemns treating animals as mere “objects or commodities” and acting in ways that “seriously contravene their most fundamental interests”…

Here’s the statement, along with its list of signatories:

We are researchers in the field of moral and political philosophy. Our work is rooted in different philosophical traditions, and we rarely find ourselves in agreement with one another. We do agree, however, on the need for a profound transformation of our relationships with other animals. We condemn the practices that involve treating animals as objects or commodities.

Insofar as it involves unnecessary violence and harm, we declare that animal exploitation is unjust and morally indefensible. 

In ethology and neurobiology, it is well established that mammals, birds, fish, and many invertebrates are sentient – i.e., capable of feeling pleasure, pain and emotions. These animals are conscious subjects; they have their own perspective on the world around them. It follows that they have interests: our behaviours affect their well-being and can benefit or harm them. When we injure a dog or a pig, when we keep a chicken or a salmon in captivity, when we kill a calf for his meat or a mink for her skin, we seriously contravene their most fundamental interests.

Yet, all of these harms could be avoided. It is obviously possible to refrain from wearing leather, attending bullfights and rodeos, or showing children captive lions in zoos. Most of us can already do without animal foods and still be healthy, and the future development of a vegan economy will make things even easier. From a political and institutional standpoint, it is possible to stop viewing animals merely as resources at our disposal. 

That these individuals do not belong to the species Homo sapiens is morally irrelevant: while it may seem natural to think that animals’ interests count less than the comparable interests of humans, this speciesist intuition does not stand up to close scrutiny. Everything else being equal, mere membership of a biological group (be it delineated by species, skin colour, or sex) cannot justify unequal consideration or treatment. 

There are differences between humans and other animals, just as there are differences among individuals within species. Admittedly, some sophisticated cognitive abilities give rise to particular interests, which in turn may justify particular treatments. But a subject’s ability to compose symphonies, to make advanced mathematical calculations, or to project oneself into a distant future, however admirable, does not affect the consideration due to his or her interest to feel pleasure and not to suffer. The interests of the more intelligent among us matter no more than the equivalent interests of the less intelligent. To say otherwise would amount to ranking individuals according to faculties that have no moral relevance. Such an ableist attitude would be morally indefensible.

It is therefore difficult to escape this conclusion: because it unnecessarily harms animals, animal exploitation is fundamentally unjust. It is therefore essential to work towards its disappearance, especially by aiming at the closure of slaughterhouses, a ban on fishing, and the development of plant-based food systems. We have no illusion; such a project will not be achieved in the short term. In particular, it requires renouncing entrenched speciesist habits and transforming numerous institutions fundamentally. We believe, however, that the end of animal exploitation is the only shared horizon that is both realistic and just for nonhumans.

Elisa Aaltola, Senior Research Fellow, University of Turku, Finland

Cheryl Abbate, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Ralph Acampora, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Hofstra University

Carol Adams, Author, The Sexual Politics of Meat, Independent scholar

Karim Akerma, Doctor, Independant

Frauke Albersmeier, Researcher in Animal Ethics, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany

Sandra Alexander, Assistant Professor of Humanities, American University in Dubai

Michael Allen, Professor, East Tennessee State University

Ozan Altan Altinok, Post Doctoral Researcher in Philosophy and Ethics of Science in Practice, Center for Ethics and Law in Life Sciences, Leibniz University of Hannover

Bertha Alvarez Manninen, Professor of Philosophy, Arizona State University

Carlo Alvaro, Associate Professor of Philosophy, CUNY

Mahesh Ananth, Professor of Philosophy, Indiana University

Dave Anctil,chercheur en technophilosophie, Observatoire international sur l’IA et le numérique (OBVIA, Université Laval)

Jacy Reese Anthis, Sociologist, co-founder of the Sentience Institute, Sentience Institute

Françoise Armengaud, docteur en philosophie, ex-maître de conférences, Université Paris Nanterre

Michael Ashooh, Lecturer, University of Vermont

Nikolaos Asproulis, Academic Associate, Volos Academy for Theological Studies, Greece

Peter Atterton, Professor of Philosophy, San Diego State University

Robin Attfield, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, Cardiff University

Iván Darío Ávila Gaitán, Postdoctoral Researcher in Animal Ethics, Universidad Nacional de Colombia — ILECA — CIFECT

Christiane Bailey, coordonnatrice, Centre de justice sociale, Université Concordia

Normand Baillargeon, philosophie de l’éducation

Liv Baker, Animal Behavior and Wellbeing Scientist, Hunter College, CUNY

Jonathan Balcombe, Author on animal sentience, Self-affiliated

Anne Baril, Lecturer in Philosophy, Washington University in St. Louis

Jeremy Barris, Professor in Philosophy, Marshall University

Robert Bass, Adjunct Full Professor, University of North Carolina at Pembroke

Piers Beirne, Emeritus Professor of Sociology and Legal Studies and Author, University of Southern Maine, USA

Sofia Belardinelli, PhD Student in Environmental Ethics, University of Naples Federico II

Jeremy Bendik-Keymer, Professor of Philosophy, Case Western Reserve University

Amélie Benedikt, Professor in Ethics, Texas State University

Rod Bennison, Independent Scholar, Chair and Founder Minding Animals International

Paige Benton, Researcher in AI Ethics and Moral and Political Philosophy, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Brian Berkey, Associate Professor, University of Pennsylvania

John Berkman, Professor of Moral Theology, Regis College, University of Toronto

Justin Bernstein, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Asha Bhandary, Political Philosopher / Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Iowa

Faith Bjalobok, Professor of Philosophy, Duquesne University

Charlotte Blattner, Senior Lecturer and Researcher, Institute for Public Law, University of Bern, Switzerland

Olle Blomberg, Researcher in Practical Philosophy, University of Gothenburg

Chris Bobonich, CI Lewis Professor of Philosophy, Stanford University

Alcino Eduardo Bonella, Professor of Ethics, University of Uberlândia, Brazil

Julia Borcherding, Associate Professor, University of Cambridge

Leonie N. Bossert, Animal ethicist, University of Tübingen

Mylène Botbol-Baum, professeure de philosophie et de bioéthique, Université catholique de Louvain

Chiara Bottici, Associate Professor in Philosophy, The New School

Michel Bourban, chercheur en éthique et en philosophie politique, University of Warwick

Bernice Bovenkerk, Associate Professor of Animal and Environmental Ethics, Wageningen University

Philip Brey, Full Professor in Philosophy and Ethics of Technology, University of Twente

Nicole Broadbent, Researcher on wildlife Ethics and conservation, University of Johannesburg

David G. Brooks, Associate Professor (Honorary), University of Sydney

Teya Brooks Pribac, Researcher in Animal Subjectivity, Independent

Huub Brouwer, Assistant Professor of Ethics and Political Philosophy, Tilburg University

Etienne Brown, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, San Jose State University

Heather Browning, Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Southampton

Florence Burgat, directrice de recherche, Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement, France

Nick Byrd, Philosopher and Scientist, Stevens Institute of Technology

Philip Cafaro, Professor of Philosophy, Colorado State University

Matthew Calarco, Professor, California State University

Cheshire Calhoun, Professor of Philosophy, Arizona State University

Paco Calvo, Professor of Philosophy of Science, Universidad de Murcia

Douglas Campbell, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, Researcher of Human Altruism, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

Deborah Cao, Professor in Animal Law and Ethics, Griffith University, Australia

Silvia Caprioglio Panizza, Marie Skłodowska-Curie Researcher in Ethics, University of Pardubice

Adam Cardilini, Lecturer in Environmental Science, Deakin University

Erik Carlson, Professor in practical Philosophy, Uppsala University

Petra Carlsson Redell, Professor, Stockholm School of Theology

Paula Casal, Full Professor, ICREA and Pompeu Fabra University

Jodey Castricano, Professor Critical Animal Studies, University of British Columbia

Amandine Catala, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)

Lucius Caviola, Researcher in Moral Psychology, Harvard University

Jonathan Chen, Instructor in Ethics/Philosophy, Sacramento State University

Andrew Chignell, Professor in Human Values, Philosophy, and Religion, Princeton University

Ryoa Chung, co-directrice du Centre de recherche en éthique / professeure titulaire de philosophie, Université de Montréal

Chris Ciocchetti, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Centenary College of Louisiana

Mich Ciurria, Crip Feminist Philosopher, University of Missouri-St. Louis

Stephen R.L. Clark, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, University of Liverpool

Dale Clark, Researcher in Ethics and Epistemology, University of South Dakota

Alasdair Cochrane, Professor of Political Theory, University of Sheffield

Yolandi M. Coetser, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, North West University, South Africa

Simon Coghlan, Senior Lecturer in AI and Digital Ethics, The University of Melbourne

Mara-Daria Cojocaru, Doctor in Philosophy, Munich School of Philosophy

Peter Cole, Associate Professor Indigenous and Ecojustice Education, University of British Columbia

Raffaella Colombo, Researcher in Moral Philosophy, Università degli Studi di Milano

Gary Comstock, Alumni Distinguished Undergraduate Professor, North Carolina State University

Sophia Connell, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, Birkbeck College, University of London

Steve Cooke, Associate Professor of Political Theory, University of Leicester

Guillaume Coqui, maître de conférences en philosophie moderne et contemporaine, Université de Bourgogne

Raymond Corbey, Professor of Philosophy of Science and Anthropology, Leiden University

Frédéric Côté-Boudreau, enseignant en philosophie au collégial, Collège de Maisonneuve

Jackson Coy, Philosopher, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Alice Crary, University Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, New School for Social Research

Simon Cushing, Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Michigan-Flint

Jennifer Daigle, PhD Candidate in Philosophy, Yale University

Anya Daly, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy and Ethics, University of Tasmania

Emilie Dardenne, maîtresse de conférences en études anglophones et animal studies, Université Rennes 2

Ben Davies, Research Fellow, University of Oxford

Gabriele De Angelis, Researcher in Political Theory, NOVA University of Lisbon

Ramiro De Ávila Peres, Researcher in Political Philosophy, NOVA University of Lisbon

Brenda De Groot, Researcher in Primatology and Critical Animal Studies, Leiden University

David DeGrazia, Elton Professor of Philosophy, George Washington University

Konstantin Deininger, Doctoral Candidate in Animal Ethics and Moral Philosophy, University of Vienna

Nicolas Delon, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Environmental Studies, New College of Florida

Lara Denis, Professor of Philosophy, Agnes Scott College

Tristan Derham, Associate Researcher, University of Tasmania

Evgeniy Derzhivitskyi, Philosophical Sciences, PhD, Associate Professor at the Department of Ethics, Saint Petersburg State University

Philippe Devienne, docteur en philosophie, D.M. Vétérinaire, Paris-Sorbonne, ENV Alfort

Annalisa Di Mauro, Research Fellow in Moral Philosophy, University of Genoa and member of EtApp (Laboratory for Applied Ethics Research)

Jonathan H. Dickstein, Assistant Professor in Religion, Carleton College

Paulette Dieterlen, Researcher at Institute on Philosophical Research, National University of Mexico

Peter Dietsch, Professor, University of Victoria

Susan Dimock, Professor of Philosophy and University Professor, York University

Vitor Manuel Dinis Pereira, Researcher, LanCog, Centre of Philosophy, University of Lisbon

Tyler Doggett, Professor of Philosophy, University of Vermont

Daniel A. Dombrowski, Professor of Philosophy, Seattle University

Brianne Donaldson, Associate Professor, University of California, Irvine

Marie-Josée Drolet, Full Professor and Ethicist, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières

Jan Dutkiewicz, Postdoctoral Fellow, Swiss National Science Foundation

Heather Eaton, Full Professor, Saint Paul University, Ottawa

Rainer Ebert, International Research Associate, University of Dar es Salaam

William Edelglass, Moral Philosophy, Emerson College and the Barre Center for Buddhist Studies

Mylan Engel Jr, Professor of Philosophy, Northern Illinois University

Erno Eskens, Philosopher, Independent

Diego Exposito, PhD Candidate in Moral and Political Philosophy, The University of Sheffield

Catia Faria, Assistant Professor / Researcher in Animal Ethics, Complutense University of Madrid

Manuel Fasko, Researcher in History of Philosophy, University Basel

Luc Faucher, professeur, Département de philosophie, Université du Québec à Montréal

Andrew Fenton, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Dalhousie University

Giuseppe Feola, Researcher in History of Ancient Philosophy and Science, University D’Annunzio, Italy

Laura Fernández, PhD in Communication, researcher in Critical Animal Studies, Centre for Animal Ethics, Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Juan Antonio Fernández Manzano, Researcher in Political Philosophy, Complutense University of Madrid

Estelle Ferrarese, professeure de philosophie morale et politique, Université de Picardie-Jules Verne

Arianna Ferrari, Senior Researcher, Independent scholar

Andrew Fiala, Professor of Philosophy, California State University, Fresno

Carrie Figdor, Professor, University of Iowa

Iskra Fileva, Professor of Philosophy, University of Colorado, Boulder

Sascha Benjamin Fink, Junior Professor for NeuroPhilosophy, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg

Stephen Finlay, Professor of Moral Philosophy, Australian Catholic University

Bob Fischer, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Texas State University

Corrado Fizzarotti, Researcher in Environmental Ethics, National Research Council of Italy

Will Fleisher, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Georgetown University

Leticia Flores Farfán, Researcher, National Autonomous University of Mexico

Lisa Forsberg, Research Fellow, University of Oxford

Björn Freter, Lecturer, SOAS University of London

Katy Fulfer, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Gender & Social Justice, researcher in bioEthics and animal Ethics, University of Waterloo

Elisa Galgut, Philosophy Professor, University of Cape Town

Dmitri Gallow, Senior Research Fellow, Dianoia Institute of Philosophy, Australian Catholic University

Harold Gamble, Emeritus Philosophy Teacher, Colorado State University

Andrea Gammon, Assistant Professor, Ethics & Philosophy of Technology, TU Delft

Molly Gardner, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Florida

Gabriel Garmendia Da Trindade, Lecturer in Philosophy, Federal Institute of Rio Grande do Sul (IFRS, campus Ibirubá)

Aaron Garrett, Professor of Philosophy, Boston University

Léon Gatien, chercheur en éthique animale et philosophie décoloniale, Université de Sherbrooke

Benjamin Ghasemi, Postdoctoral Fellow, Colorado State University

Martin Gibert, chercheur en éthique de l’IA, Université de Montréal

William Gildea, Researcher in Philosophy, University of Warwick

Sven Gins, PhD Researcher, University of Groningen

William-Philippe Girard, PhD Student, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières

Valéry Giroux, chercheuse en éthique animale, Université de Montréal

Ian Gold, Professor of Philosophy, McGill University

Anahí Gabriela González, Doctora en Filosofía, Profesora Titular de Ética, Universidad Nacional de San Juan, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Instituto Latinoamericano de Estudios Críticos Animales

John Goris, PhD Candidate in Animal Ethics, Macquarie University

Jennifer Greenwood, Honorary Research Fellow, University of Queensland

Lori Gruen, William Griffin Professor of Philosophy / Coordinator of Wesleyan Animal Studies, Wesleyan University

Allen Habib, Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Calgary

John Hadley, Senior Lecturer, Western Sydney University

Thilo Hagendorff, Researcher in AI Ethics, University of Tübingen

Simon Hailwood, Professor of Philosophy, University of Liverpool

Ishtiyaque Haji, Professor of Philosophy, University of Calgary

Austen Hall, PhD Candidate, Yale University

Matthew C. Halteman, Professor of Philosophy, Calvin University

Naïma Hamrouni, professeure en philosophie, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières

Étienne Harnad, professeur de psychologie, Université du Québec à Montréal

Gerald Harrison, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, Massey University

Victoria Harrison, Full Professor and Head of Department, University of Macau

Ronnie Hawkins, Environmental philosopher, University of Central Florida (retired)

Richard Healey, Associate Lecturer, University College London

Yogi Hendlin, Assistant Professor of Environmental Philosophy, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Blake Hereth, Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Massachusetts, Lowell

Alejandro Herrera, Researcher in Animal and Environmental Ethics (retired), National University of Mexico

Claudia Hogg-Blake, Humanities Teaching Fellow, University of Chicago

Benjamin Hole, Contingent Faculty, Pacific University

Daniel Hooley, Doctor, Capilano University

Kai Horsthemke, Professor and Researcher in Animal Ethics and Animal Rights Education, University of the Witwatersrand

Oscar Horta, Faculty of Philosophy, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

Chris Howard, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, McGill University

Michael Huemer, Professor of Philosophy, University of Colorado

Rebekah Humphreys, Specialist in animal Ethics, University of Wales Trinity St David

James Humphries, Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Glasgow

Mark Hunyadi, professeur de philosophie morale et politique, Université catholique de Louvain, Belgique

Ramona Ilea, Professor of Philosophy & Department Chair, Pacific University

Patricia Illingworth, Professor, Northeastern University

David Ingram, Professor of Philosophy, Loyola University Chicago

Ruth Irwin, Professor of Education, RMIT University, Melbourne

Alison M. Jaggar, Professor Emerita, Philosophy and Women & Gender Studies, University of Colorado at Boulder

Pankaj Jain, Professor, FLAME University

Simon James, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Durham University

Andrew Jampol-Petzinger, Visiting Assistant Professor, Grand Valley State University

François Jaquet, Lecturer in Philosophy, Université de Strasbourg

Anja Jauernig, Professor of Philosophy, New York University

Kathie Jenni, Professor of Philosophy, University of Redlands

Sofia M. I. Jeppsson, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Umeå University, Sweden

Diane Jeske, Professor of Philosophy, University of Iowa

Alexander Jeuk, Independent author and researcher

Kyle Johannsen, Philosophy Instructor, Trent University

Jane Johnson, Field philosopher, Macquarie University

L Syd Johnson, Associate Professor, SUNY Upstate Medical University

Drew Johnson, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Oslo

Robert Jones, Associate Professor of Philosophy, California State University

Jeff Jordan, Professor of Philosophy, University of Delaware

Hrvoje Juric, Full Professor of Ethics and BioEthics, University of Zagreb

Richard Kahn, Core Faculty in Education, Ed.D. in Educational and Professional Practice, Antioch University

Gerasimos Kakoliris, Associate Professor in Contemporary Continental Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

Julius Kapembwa, Lecturer in Philosophy and Applied Ethics, University of Zambia

Bhanuraj Kashyap, PhD Candidate, Macquarie University

Joel Kassiola, Professor of Political Science, San Francisco State University

Tristan Katz, Researcher in Animal and Environmental Ethics, University of Fribourg

Jason Kawall, Carl Benton Straub’58 Endowed Chair in Culture and the Environment, Colgate University

Lisa Kemmerer, Professor Emeritus, Montana State University ; Tapestry

Jozef Keulartz, Emeritus Professor Environmental Philosophy, Radboud University

David Killoren, Assistant Professor, Koc University

Roland Kipke, Researcher in Ethics and Political Philosophy, Bielefeld University

Philip Kitcher, John Dewey Professor of Philosophy Emeritus, Columbia University

Andrew Knight, Professor of Animal Welfare and Ethics, University of Winchester

Daniel Z. Korman, Professor of Philosophy, University of California, Santa Barbara

Magdalena Kozhevnikova, Researcher in Animal Ethics, Warsaw University

Visa A. J. Kurki, Associate Professor of Jurisprudence, University of Helsinki

Olena Kushyna, PhD Student in Ethics, Centre for Ethics as Study in Human Value, University of Pardubice

Oskari Kuusela, Associate Professor in Philosophy, University of East Anglia

Mickaël Labbé, maître de conférences en esthétique et philosophie de l’art, Université de Strasbourg

Bernd Ladwig, Professor for Political Theory and Philosophy, Freie Universität Berlin

Hugh LaFollette, Emeritus Cole Chair in Ethics and Professor of Philosophy, University of South Florida

Arto Laitinen, Professor of Social Philosophy, Tampere University

Andy Lamey, Associate Teaching Professor, University of California, San Diego

Igor Larionov, Associate Professor, Philosophical Sciences, PhD, Head of Philosophical Anthropology Department, Saint Petersburg State University

Renan Larue, professeur de littérature, Université de Californie à Santa Barbara

Noa Latham, Associate Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, University of Calgary

Megan Jane Laverty, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Education, Teachers College, Columbia University

Andrew Lee, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Australian National University

Jonathan Leighton, Author, Ethicist and Executive Director of the Organisation for the Prevention of Intense Suffering (OPIS)

Ana Leite, Associate Professor in Social and Organisational Psychology, Durham University

Noa Levin, Researcher in Political Philosophy, Centre Marc Bloch, Berlin

Abigail Levin, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Niagara University

Neil Levy, Professor of Philosophy, Macquarie University

Fabiola Leyton Donoso, Researcher in BioEthics, University of Barcelona

Patrick Lin, Professor of Philosophy, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Erich Linder, PhD Candidate in Animal Ethics, University of Vienna

Andrew Linzey, The Revd Professor, Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics

Clair Linzey, Deputy Director, Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics

David Lockwood, Researcher in Moral Philosophy, Cardiff University

Farhana Loonat, Department Chair, Political Science and Philosophy, Skagit Valley College

Mianna Lotz, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia

Michael Loughlin, Professor of Applied Philosophy, University of West London

Hilda Nely Lucano Ramírez, Professor and Researcher in Animal Ethics and Law, Universidad de Guadalajara

Simon Lumsden, Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Joe Lynch, Professor of Philosophy, California Polytechnic State University

David Lyreskog, Researcher in NeuroEthics, University of Oxford

Joel MacClellan, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Loyola University New Orleans

Colin Macleod, Professor, University of Victoria

Jocelyn Maclure, professeur de philosophie, McGill University

Els Maeckelberghe, Associate Professor of Medical Ethics, University Medical Center Groningen

Pablo Magaña, PhD Student, Pompeu Fabra University

Filip Maj, Lecturer, Macquarie University

Elodie Malbois, Postdoctoral Researcher, Université de Genève

Alejandra Mancilla, Professor of Philosophy, University of Oslo

Moya Mapps, PhD Candidate, Yale Department of Philosophy

Joel Marks, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, University of New Haven

Angela Martin, Professeure assistante en éthique, Université de Bâle

Alma Massaro, Lecturer in Animal Ethics, Genoa University

Jeffrey M. Masson, Professor and Writer on animal emotions, University of Auckland

Bruce Maxwell, Researcher in education, University of Montreal

Joseph-Marie Mbonda, professeur et chercheur en éthique, Université des Montagnes, Bangangté, Cameroun

Joan McGregor, Professor of Philosophy, Arizona State University

Leemon McHenry, Professor Emeritus, California State University, Northridge

Erin McKenna, Professor of Philosophy, University of Oregon

Jeff McMahan, Sekyra and White’s Professor of Moral Philosophy, University of Oxford

Tristram McPherson, Professor of Philosophy, The Ohio State University

Eva Meijer, Researcher in Political Philosophy, University of Amsterdam

Garret Merriam, Associate Professor of Philosophy, California State University, Sacramento

Debra Merskin, Professor, University of Oregon

Heidi Mertes, Associate Professor in Medical Ethics, Ghent University

Thaddeus Metz, Professor of Philosophy, University of Pretoria

Letitia Meynell, Professor of Philosophy and Gender and Women’s Studies, Dalhousie University

Ricardo Miguel, Researcher in Animal Ethics, University of Lisbon

Emilian Mihailov, Researcher in Applied Ethics, University of Bucharest

Josh Milburn, Lecturer in Political Philosophy and British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow, Loughborough University

Becky Millar, Postdoctoral Researcher in Philosophy, University of York

Kristie Miller, Professor, The University of Sydney

Mayahuel Mojarro, PhD student, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Susana Monsó, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia

Macarena Montes, Researcher in Animal Ethics and Law, Pompeu Fabra University

Nicolae Morar, Associate Professor of Environmental Studies and Philosophy, University of Oregon

Alexander Morgan, Assistant Professor, Rice University

Jeffrey Morgan, Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of the Fraser Valley

Brandon Morgan-Olsen, Advanced Lecturer in Philosophy, Loyola University Chicago

Nicola Mulkeen, Lecturer in Political Philosophy, Newcastle University

Nico Dario Müller, Postdoctoral Researcher in Ethics, University of Basel

Hichem Naar, Researcher in Philosophy, University of Duisburg-Essen

Carlos Naconecy, Researcher in Animal Ethics, Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics

Christian Nadeau, professeur en philosophie politique, Université de Montréal

Yamikani Ndasauka, Doctor, University of Malawi

Christina Nellist, President of Pan Orthodox Concern for Animals Charity, Fellow of Ferrater Mora Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics, Oxford UK

Nathan Nobis, Professor of Philosophy, Morehouse College

John Nolt, Professor Emeritus, Logic and Environmental Ethics, University of Tennessee

Alastair Norcross, Professor of Philosophy, University of Colorado Boulder

Christopher Norris, Professor of Philosophy, Cardiff University

Howard Nye, Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Alberta

Gary David O’Brien, DPhil Student in Philosophy, University of Oxford

Tim Oakley, Researcher in Ethics, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia

Tzofit Ofengenden, Doctor, Tulane University

Markku Oksanen, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Eastern Finland

Gustavo Ortiz Millan, Researcher in animal Ethics, National Autonomous University of Mexico

Maude Ouellette-Dube, Researcher in Ethics and Animal Ethics, University of Fribourg

Christine Overall, Professor Emerita of Philosophy and University Research Chair, Queen’s University at Kingston

Ibrahim Ozdemir, Professor of Philosophy and Ethics, President of Forum on Environmental Ethics, Uskudar University, Turkey

Burkay Ozturk, Senior Lecturer of Philosophy, Texas State University

Eze Paez, Beatriu de Pinós Postdoctoral Fellow, Pompeu Fabra University

Patricia Palulis, Associate Professor, University of Ottawa

Eleni Panagiotarakou, Researcher, Concordia University

Juliette Parada Rincón, Research in Animal Ethics, Universidad Santo Tomás, Colombia

Stephen Pattison, Emeritus Professor of Religion, Ethics and Practice, University of Birmingham

Wouter Peeters, Associate Professor of Global Ethics, University of Birmingham, UK

Corine Pelluchon, professeur de philosophie, Université Gustave Eiffel

David Pena-Guzman, Associate Professor, SFSU

Angie Pepper, Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Roehampton

Eoin Perry, PhD Student in Philosophy of Science, University of Bristol

Erik Persson, Researcher in applied Ethics, Lund University

Ingmar Persson, Professor of Philosophy, University of Gothenburg

Keith Peterson, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Colby College

Glen Pettigrove, Chair of Moral Philosophy, University of Glasgow

Silvina Pezzetta, Researcher in Animal Law and Animal Ethics, CONICET-Universidad de Buenos Aires

Benedetta Piazzesi, chercheuse en histoire et philosophie des sciences de la vie, CRH (EHESS, Paris)

Alexis Piquemal, enseignant, lycée Gustave Eiffel et Université de Bourgogne

Arina Pismenny, Associate Instructional Professor in Philosophy, University of Florida

Nigel Pleasants, Senior lecturer in Philosophy and Sociology, University of Exeter

Simone Pollo, Associate Professor of Moral Philosophy, Sapienza University of Rome

Veronica Ponce, Philosophy teacher, Marianopolis College, Canada

Elliot Porter, Lecturer in Bioethics, Brighton and Sussex Medical School

Constantinos Proimos, Doctor of Philosophy and Assistant Professor of History and Theory of Architecture, University of Patras, Greece

Evangelos Protopapadakis, Associate Professor in Applied Ethics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

Joëlle Proust, directrice de recherche émérite au CNRS, École normale supérieure de Paris

Alicia Puleo, Senior Lecturer in Moral and Political Philosophy, University of Valladolid

Stephen Puryear, Associate Professor of Philosophy, North Carolina State University

Pierre-Yves Quiviger, professeur de philosophie du droit, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

Ana Cristina Ramirez Barreto, Researcher in BioEthics, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo

Shyam Ranganathan, Faculty member, Department of Philosophy, and York Centre for Asian Research, York University

Vardit Ravitsky, Professor, University of Montreal

Hili Razinsky, Researcher, LanCog, Centre of Philosophy, University of Lisbon

Paul Redding, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, University of Sydney

Amy Reed-Sandoval, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Nevada Las Vegas

Philippe Reigné, agrégé des facultés de droit, professeur titulaire de chaire, Conservatoire national des arts et métiers

Tim Reijsoo, Philosopher, University of Amsterdam

Kurt Remele, Professor Emeritus in Ethics, University of Graz

Hannah Rheinz, Dr. Phil., Psychologist, Animal Ethicist, Independant

Samuel Rickless, Professor of Philosophy, University of California San Diego

Eduardo Rincón Higuera, Investigador en temas de Éticas Interespecie, Éticas Ecológicas y Ecosofías, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Raffaele Rodogno, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Aarhus University

Luke Roelofs, Researcher in Philosophy, New York University

Chandler Rogers, Instructor, Boston College

Wendy Rogers, Distinguished Professor in Clinical Ethics, Macquarie University, Sydney

Simon Rosenqvist, Researcher in applied Ethics, Department of Global Political Studies, Malmö University

Mark Rowlands, Professor and Chair, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami

Alain Roy, professeur titulaire, Faculté de droit de l’Université de Montréal

Ricardo Rozzi, Professor in Environmental Ethics and Biocultural Conservation, Subantarctic Biocultural Conservation Program, Dep. Philosophy and Religion & Dep of Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, USA & Universidad de Magallanes, Chile

Emma Ruttkamp, Professor of Philosophy, researcher in AI Ethics, University of Pretoria & Centre for AI Research

Richard Ryder, PhD, Ex Cambridge, UK

Benjamin Sachs-Cobbe, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, University of St. Andrews

John Sanbonmatsu, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Steve Sapontzis, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, California State University, East Bay

Işık Sarıhan, Postdoctoral Researcher in Philosophy, Independent

Sahotra Sarkar, Professor of Philosophy and Integrative Biology, University of Texas

Carl Saucier-Bouffard, professeur

Hanno Sauer, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Utrecht University

Lara Scaglia, Researcher in History of Philosophy and Ethics, Warsaw University

Frank Schalow, Professor of Philosophy, University of New Orleans

Anders Schinkel, Associate Professor of Philosophy of Education, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Andreas Schmidt, Associate Professor in Political Philosophy, University of Groningen

Sebastian Schmidt, Postdoctoral researcher in Epistemology, University of Zurich

Friederike Schmitz, Philosopher in Animal Ethics, Independent scholar

Miriam Schoenfield, Associate Professor Philosophy, University of Texas

Vanessa Scholes, Applied philosopher and learning designer, Open Polytechnic Kuratini Tuwhera

Udo Schüklenk, Professor and Ontario Research Chair in BioEthics, Queen’s University

Marcus Schultz-Bergin, Assistant College Lecturer in Philosophy, Cleveland State University

Lucia Schwarz, Teaching Assistant Professor, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Jeff Sebo, Clinical Associate Professor of Environmental Studies, Affiliated Professor of BioEthics, Medical Ethics, Philosophy, and Law, and Director of the Animal Studies M.A. Program, New York University

Jérôme Segal, maître de conférences en histoire et philosophie des sciences, Sorbonne Université, Paris

Dunja Šešelja, Professor, Ruhr University Bochum

Hilal Sezgin, Researcher in Animal Ethics, Lueneburg, Germany

Steven Shakespeare, Professor of Continental Philosophy of Religion, Liverpool Hope University

Hasana Sharp, Associate Professor of Philosophy, McGill University

Yonatan Shemmer, Doctor, University of Sheffield

Minna Shkul, Senior University Teacher in Feminist and Queer Studies, University of Sheffield

Eli Shupe, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Texas at Arlington

Vlasta Sikimić, Researcher and Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Tübingen

Mona Simion, Professor of Philosophy, University of Glasgow

Virginie Simoneau-Gilbert, doctorante en philosophie, University of Oxford

Peter Singer, Professor of BioEthics, Princeton University

Doran Smolkin, Doctor of Philosophy, Kwantlen Polytechnic University

Diana Soeira, Researcher in Philosophy & Economics and Public Policy, ISCTE-University Institute of Lisbon, Portugal

Ayhan Sol, Professor, Middle East Technical University, Turkey

John Sorenson, Professor, Brock University

Friderike Spang, Senior Researcher in Political Theory, University of Lausanne

Simon Springer, Professor of Human Geography, University of Newcastle

Susanne Sreedhar, Professor of Philosophy, Boston University

Gary Steiner, Professor of Philosophy emeritus, Bucknell University

Christian Straßer, Professor, Ruhr University Bochum

Robert Streiffer, Professor of Philosophy and Bioethics, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Alison Suen, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Iona University

David Svolba, Associate Professor in Philosophy, Fitchburg State University

Jac. Swart, Researcher, University of Groningen

Zeynep Talay Turner, Professor, Istanbul Bilgi University

Agnes Tam, Assistant Professor in Philosophy, University of Calgary

Robert Tappan, Associate Professor of Religious Studies, Towson University

Christine Tappolet, professeure, Université de Montréal

Aleksy Tarasenko-Struc, Clinical Ethics Fellow, Alden March BioEthics Institute, Albany Medical College

Angus Taylor, PhD, retired, University of Victoria

Larry Temkin, Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, Rutgers University

Camille Ternier, chercheuse postdoctorale en philosophie politique et économique, Université de Montréal, Centre de recherche en éthique de Montréal

Areti Theofilopoulou, Researcher Fellow, Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences

Evan Thomas, Researcher in Ethics, Ohio State University

Natalie Thomas, Adjunct Faculty, Philosophy and Fellow, Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics, University of Guelph

Kramer Thompson, PhD Candidate, The Australian National University

Travis Timmerman, Associate Professor, and Chair of the Philosophy Department, Seton Hall University

Oxana Timofeeva, Professor in Philosophy, European University at St. Petersburg

Inken Titz, Researcher in AI Ethics, Ruhr-Universität Bochum

Zorana Todorovic, Researcher in Animal Studies, University of Belgrade

Fiorella Tomassini, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Groningen

Mikel Torres, Adjunct Lecturer, University of the Basque Country (UPV / EHU)

Ioannis Trisokkas, Assistant Professor, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

Jens Tuider, Ethicist, Independent

Joseph Tuminello, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, McNeese State University

Carla Turner, Philosopher of animal Ethics, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Gabriela Tymowski, Researcher in Animal Ethics, University of New Brunswick

Peter Unger, Professor of Philosophy, New York University

Peter Vallentyne, Professor, University of Missouri

Kenneth Valpey, Researcher in Animal Ethics, Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies

Emnée Van Den Brandeler, PhD Candidate, University of Basel

Willem van der Deijl, Assistant Professor, Tilburg University

Marie Van Loon, Research in epistemology, University of Zurich

Pekka Vayrynen, Professor of Moral Philosophy, University of Leeds

Angélica Velasco, Senior Lecturer in Moral and Political Philosophy, University of Valladolid, Spain

Samantha Vice, Distinguished Professor in Philosophy, University of the Witwatersrand

Elly Vintiadis, Associate Lecturer in Philosophy, The American College of Greece

Tatjana Višak, Researcher Animal Ethics, University of Mannheim

Kristin Voigt, Associate Professor, McGill University

Ilias Voiron, PhD Student in Philosophy and Environmental Humanities, Jean-Moulin Lyon 3 University & University of Fribourg

Rose Mary Volbrecht, Professor of Ethics Emeritus, Gonzaga University

Anabel von der Osten-Sacken, PhD Student in Animal Studies, Universität Hamburg

Kocku Von Stuckrad, Professor of Religious Studies, University of Groningen

Kirstin Waldkoenig, Doctoral Student and Environmental Ethicist, University of Oregon

Lisa Warden, Researcher, Animals & Society Research Initiative, University of Victoria

Kari Weil, professeur de lettres, Wesleyan University

Jennifer Welchman, Professor of Philosophy, University of Alberta

Daniel Weltman, Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, Ashoka University, India

Michelle Westerlaken, Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Cambridge (UK)

Monique Whitaker, Lecturer in Philosophy, University of KwaZulu-Natal

Markus Wild, Professor of Philosophy, University of Basel

Cynthia Willett, Professor, Emory University

Sean Winkler, Lecturer of Philosophy, Loyola Marymount University / University of Redlands

Jason M. Wirth, Professor of Philosophy, Seattle University

Matthew Wiseman, PhD Student, University of Southern California

Daniel Wodak, Associate Professor of Philosophy and of Law, University of Pennsylvania

Alex Wolf-Root, Visiting Assistant Professor, The Ohio State University

Matthew Wray Perry, PhD Student in Animal Rights, The University of Manchester

Laura Wright, Professor of English & Founder of the field of Vegan Studies, Western Carolina University

Ewa Wyrębska-Đermanović, Researcher in Political Philosophy, University of Bonn

Roger Yates, Lecturer in Sociology, University College of Dublin

Jay Zameska, Junior Research Fellow, University of Tartu, Estonia

Tzachi Zamir, Professor, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Sarah Zanaz, doctorante en philosophie, Université de Strasbourg

Miriam A. Zemanova, Research Associate, University of Fribourg, Switzerland

Rafael Ziegler, Associate Professor, HEC Montréal

Anna C. Zielinska, maîtresse de conférences en philosophie morale, juridique et politique, Université de Lorraine à Nancy



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